Anderson C A, Bushman B J (2001) Effects of violent video games on aggressive cognition, aggressive affect, physiological arousal, and prosocial behaviour Psychological Science 12(5) pp353-359

Anderson C A Bushman B J (2002) Human Aggression. Annual Review Psychology 53 pp27-51

Bartholow B D, Anderson C A, Carnagay N L, Benjamin A J (2005) Interactive effects of life experience and situational cues on aggression: The weapons priming effect in hunters and nonhunters. Journal of Experimental psychology 41 pp48-60

Blumburg M L (1948) The psychopathology of comic books: a symposium. American Journal of Psychotherapy 2(3) pp472-490

Bogle (2004) R M. Counselling with modern expressions of mystic pictures. Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und kinderpsychiatre 53(8) pp560-572

Bond A J, Bauer A, Wingrove J (2004) Outcome of Aggression affects processing and can legitimise subsequent aggression: influence of trait aggressiveness. Aggressive Behaviour 30 pp284-297

Bunn G C (1997) The lie detector, Wonder Woman and liberty: the life and work of William Moulton Marston. History of Human Sciences 10, pp 91-119

Bushman B J, Huemann R (2006) Short-term and Long-term effects of Violent Media on Aggression in Children and Adults. Archive of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine 160 pp348-352

Bushman B J (1998) Priming effects of media violence on the accessibility of aggressive constructs in memory. 24(5) pp537-546

Buss A, Perry M (1992) The Aggression Questionnaire. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 63(3) pp452-459

Bradshaw C P Garbarino J (2004) Social cognition as a mediator of the influence of family and community violence on adolescent development- implications for intervention Youth Violence: Scientific Approaches to Prevention.  Annals of the New York academy of sciences 1036:85 -105

Brody M (1998) Batman: Psychic trauma and its solution. Journal of Popular Culture pp171-178

Comic Book Legal Defence Fund: http://www.cbldf.org/

Corliss R (2003) April 15, 1938: Birth of the superhero. Special section Time’s 80th Anniversary/80 Days that changed the world (publication of the first Superman comic book) Time. 161 (13) p21

Costa P T, McCrae R R (1992) Normal Personality Assessment in clinical Practice: The NEO Personality Inventory. Psychological Assessment 4 (1) pp5-13

Coyne S M, Archer J & Elsea M (2003) Cruel intentions on television and in real life: can viewing indirect aggression increase viewers subsequent indirect aggression? Journal experimental child psychology 88pp234-253

Crick N R , Groepter J K (1995) Relational Aggression, Gender and Social-Psychological Adjustment. Child Development 66 (3) pp710-722

Diamond Comic distributors (2007) http://www.diamondcomics.com/public/

Dittmer J (2005) Captain America’s Empire: Reflections of Identity, popular culture, and post 9/11 Geopolitics. Annals of Association of American geographers, 95(3) pp626-643 

Dodge K A (1980) Social Cognition and Children’s Aggressive Behaviour. Child Development 51 pp162-170

Dodge K A Crick N R (1990) Social information-processing bases of aggressive behaviour in children. Personality and Social psychology bulletin 16 (1), p8 

Eco U (1994) On Chinese Comic strips: Counter-information and Alternative Information. Apocalypse postponed (Ed) Lumley R Bloomington: Indiana UP pp 148-6

Elkisch P (1948) The psychopathology of comic books: a symposium. American Journal of Psychotherapy 2(3) pp472-490

Emad M C (2006) Reading Wonder Woman’s Body: Mythologies of Gender and Nation. The Journal of Popular Culture 39(6) p954-984

Fingeroth D (2004) Superman on the Couch What Superheroes really tell us about ourselves and our Society.  New York, Continuum International Publishing

Funder D C (2001)  Personality. Annual review of Psychology 52pp197-221

Gabillet JP (2000) Cultural and Mythical aspects of a superhero: The Silver Surfer 1968-1970 Journal of Popular Culture pp203-213

Hanen B (2004) Medical History for the masses: How American comic books celebrated heroes of medicine in the 1940s. Bulletin of the History of Medicine 78: pp148-191

Huesmann L R (1988) An Information Processing Model for the development of Aggression. Aggressive Behaviour 15 pp13-24

Jones G, Jacobs W (1997) The Comic Book heroes. USA, Prima Publishing 

Kirsh S J, Olczak P V (2000) Violent Comic books and perceptions of ambiguous provocation situations. Media Psychology 2 pp47-62

Kirsch S J , Olczak P V (2001) Rating Comic Book Violence: Contributions of Gender and Trait Hostility Social Behaviour and Personality 29(8) pp833-836

Kirsh S J, Olczak P V (2002a) Violent Comic books and judgements of Relational Aggression. Violence and Victims 17(3) pp373-380

Kirsh S J, Olczak P V (2002b) The effects of extremely violent comic books on social information processing. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 17(11) pp1160-1178

Kirsh S (2003) The effects of violent games on adolescents. The overlooked influence of development.  Aggression and violent behaviour 8(77) pp377-389

Kirsh S J Olczak P V Mounts J R W(2005) Violent video games induce an affect processing bias. Media Psychology 7(3) pp239-250

Koolstra C M, Van Der Voort T H A (1996) Longitudinal Effects of Television on Children’s Leisure-Time reading. A test of three explanatory models. Human Communication Research 23(1) pp4-35

Lee S, Buscema J (1986) How to Draw Comics the Marvel Way. London, Titan Books 

Legman G (1948) The comic books and the public. The psychopathology of comic books: a symposium. American Journal of Psychotherapy 2(3) pp472-490

Lopes P (2006) Culture and Stigma: Popular Culture and the Case of Comic Books. Sociological Forum 21(3) pp387-414

Ludwig A M (1996) Comments on Frederick Wertham: “The psychopathology of comic books”: a symposium. American Journal of Psychotherapy 50(4) pp435-6

Mamet D (1989) Some Freaks: On Kryptonite Great Britain, Penguin Books

McCloud S (1993) Understanding Comics. Northampton, MA: Kitchen Sink Press 

McCloud S (2000) Reinventing Comics. Canada: Paradox Press  

McKee N Aghi M , Carnegie R, Shahzadi N (2004) Cartoons and comic books for changing social norms: Meena, the South Asian Girl. Entertainment and social change: History Research and practice (ed) Singhal a et al  pp331-349 Erlbaum Associates.

Mosse H L (1948) The psychopathology of comic books: a symposium. American Journal of Psychotherapy 2(3) pp472-490

Norton B (2003) The motivating power of comic books: Insights from Archie comic readers. The Reading Teacher 57(2)  

Park D (2002) The Kefauver Comic Book Hearings as show trial: Decency, Authority and the Dominated Expert. Cultural Studies 16(2) pp259-288

Peterson B E Gerstein E D (2005) Fighting and Flying: Archival analysis of threat, Authoritarianism, and the North American comic book. Political Psychology 26(6) pp 887-904

Potenza M, Verhoeff P, Weiss E (1996) Comic books and development. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent psychiatry 35, pp1573-1574

Reynolds R (1992) Superheroes: A modern Mythology. USA, University Press of Mississippi

Schinke S P, Gordon A N (1992) Innovative approaches to interpersonal skills training for minority adolescents (ed) DiClemente R J Adolescents and AIDS: A generation in jeopardy. US, Sage Publications pp181-193

US Congress (1955) Comic Books and Juvenile Delinquency. Interim Report of the Committee on the judiciary US Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary. Juvenile Deliquency.1955-6. Library of Congress Catalogue Card Number 77-90720.  This report was typed up by Jamie Coville

Valkenburg P M, Janssen S C (1999) What do Children Value in Entertainment Programs? A cross-cultural investigation. Journal of Communication Spring 1999.

Wertham F (1948) The psychopathology of comic books: a symposium. American Journal of Psychotherapy 2(3) pp472-490

Wertham F (1954) Seduction of the Innocent. New York: Holt Rinehart & Winston read this on-line at:  http://www.pennydreadfull.net/soti.html

Wikipedia (2006) The Obscenity of Censorship: A History of Indecent People and Lacivious Publications, The Erotica Bibliophile.

Wong W S, Cuklanz L M (2002) Critiques of Gender ideology: women comic artists and their work in Hong Kong. Journal of Gender Studies 11(3)

Yoe C (1999) Weird but True Toon Factoids! Gramercy Books NY: USA

Zechmeister J. S. Zechmeister E. B. Shaugnessy J. J. (2001) Essentials of Research methods in psychology. New York: McGraw-Hill